Length-weight relationships of the Emerald Shiner (Notropis atherinoides - Rafinesque, 1818) in the Western Basin of Lake Erie

Tiffany Atkinson, SCOTT DESROSIERS, TESSA TOWNSEND, THOMAS SIMON

Abstract


Total length and standard length (mm) were compared to weight (mg) in the Emerald Shiner (Notropis atherinoides - Rafinesque, 1818) in the western basin of Lake Erie. Length and weight relationship (n = 400), length-frequency distribution, and sex ratios were evaluated for  coastal and tributary habitats and compared to open water habitats. A strong positive correlation was observed between length and weight for both males and females. For males (n = 195) there was a significant positive relationship between standard length (SL) and weight (F = 935.64, d.f = 195; R2 = 0.989) and between total length (TL) and weight (F = 918.75, d.f. = 195; R2 = 0.991). In females (n = 205), there was also a strong positive correlation between SL and weight (F = 1108.18, d.f. = 204; R2 = 0.976) and between TL and weight (F = 1208.86, d.f. = 204; R2 = 0.983). This same positive relationship between SL and weight (F = 1909.58, d.f. = 399; R2 = 0.984,) and between TL and weight (F = 1960.07, d.f. = 399; R2 = 0.988) that was found for  the individual sexes was present in the combined data for the two sexes. Length-weight relationship patterns in Emerald Shiner were significantly influenced by sex (ANCOVA, F= 313.03, p < 0.01) and habitat (ANCOVA, F = 6.693, p = 0.013).  Three separate age classes were distinguished in the data. Age 0 males ranged from 15-33 mm TL, while age 0 females ranged from 18-30 mm TL. Age I males ranged from 39-78 mm TL and Age I females ranged from 42-78 mm TL. Age II+ males ranged from 78-111 mm TL and Age II+ females ranged from 81-108 mm TL. Emerald Shiner exhibit indeterminate growth and sex influenced growth patterns based on the von Bertalanffy growth model.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18061/ojs.v114i2.4719

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Copyright (c) 2016 Tiffany Atkinson, SCOTT DESROSIERS, TESSA TOWNSEND, THOMAS SIMON



 

 


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ISSN: 2471-9390 (Online); 0030-0950 (Print)